API 571 - Damage Mechanisms Affecting Fixed Equipment in the Refining Industry

Chintamani M. Khade

This course is based on damage mechanisms in refining, petrochemical, and other process industries.

It focuses not only on different material properties and processes fluid characteristics but also on different processes and environmental parameters that lead to damage mechanisms. They can be interdependent and cause damage mechanisms to initiate, and propagate individually or simultaneously.

The course also contains useful information like material selection, design considerations, and operations, necessary to determine the causes of damages/ deterioration present and probable inspection. Various examination and testing methods, other techniques for determining the type size, and location of damage mechanisms, and monitoring or mitigation techniques for each damage mechanism also will be explained with case studies.

DAY 1 - Introduction

  • Introduction of Trainer & Participants
  • Bench Mark Quiz & Discussions on the same
  • Introduction and Review Of Basic Metallurgy
  • Mechanical and Metallurgical Failure Mechanisms
  • Graphitization
  • Softening (Spheroidization)
  • Temper Embrittlement
  • Strain Aging
  • 885°F (475ºC) Embrittlement
  • Sigma Phase Embritllement
  • Brittle Fracture
  • Creep and Stress Rupture
  • Punch Points
  • Quiz & Discussions


  • Erosion/Erosion – Corrosion
  • Cavitation
  • Mechanical Fatigue
  • Vibration-Induced Fatigue
  • Refractory Degradation
  • Reheat Cracking
  • Gaseous Oxygen-Enhanced Ignition and Combustion
  • Introduction to Corrosion
  • Uniform or Localized Loss of Thickness
  • Punch Points
  • Quiz & Discussions 


  • Nett Positive Suction Head and Cavitation
  • Flue-Gas Dew-Point Corrosion
  • Microbiologically Induced Corrosion (MIC)
  • Soil Corrosion
  • Caustic Corrosion
  • Dealloying
  • Graphitic Corrosion
  • High Temperature Corrosion [>400°F (204°C)]
  • Punch Points
  • Quiz & Discussions


  • Environment - Assisted Cracking
  • Chloride Stress Cracking (CI-SCC)
  • Corrosion Fatigue
  • Caustic Stress Corrosion Cracking (Caustic Embrittlement)
  • Ammonia Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Liquid Metal Embrittlement (LME)
  • Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE)
  • Ethanol Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)
  • Sulfate Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Refining Industry Damage Mechanisms
  • Punch Points
  • Quiz & Discussions


  • Sour Water Corrosion (Acidic)
  • Sulfuric Acid Corrosion
  • Aqueous Organic Acid Corrosion
  • Environment-Assisted Cracking
  • Punch Points
  • Quiz & Discussions
  • Final Examinations & Feedback

What is API 571 training course objective?

  • Key parameters in each damage mechanism like material selection, design, fabrication, process control, etc.
  • Critical factors involved in damage mechanisms, their prevention/mitigation, and monitoring methods.
  • Assessment of various damage mechanisms during Fitness for Service assessments (FFS), Remaining Life Assessments (RLA), or Risk Based Inspection Studies (RBI).
  • Selection between various tests and examinations (or combination) to identify, locate and assess damage mechanisms.
  • Mitigation methods and techniques.
  • Similarities and differences in different damage mechanisms.

Who should join API 571 training course by PetroSync?

This course is specifically beneficial for personnel involved in and responsible for determining a cause for damage(s) / deterioration(s) observed or anticipated and for probability and degree of further damage that might occur in the future during FFS assessments RLA, Risk-based inspection studies, etc.

It also assists inspectors and examiners to perform their tasks effectively during in service Inspection of pressure vessels, piping, and tanks.

It is beneficial for engineers, supervisors, and managers who are responsible for decision-making during the assessment of mechanical integrity or equipment reliability.

Process and plant designers can add value during material selection and design by knowing the causes of damage mechanisms at those stages. Operations personnel can understand various parameters affecting the damage mechanisms. Personnel involved in the mitigation/monitoring of damage mechanisms shall have knowledge of various examination and testing techniques.

Each attendee must bring a Laptop computer with Microsoft Operating System.

Chintamani M. Khade

International Certified Trainer

Chintamani M. Khade is a specialist on Materials & Damage Mechanisms. He has more than 19 years experience as Department Head of NDT, Welding Inspection, In Service Inspection in India, Middle East, Southeast Asia & Africa. Currently, he is the technical director of Empirical Technocrats.

He conducted training for various API Certification Preparatory, NDE methods, ASNT & ISNT Level III, advanced NDT Methods, welding inspection, Construction codes, ASME Sections II, Section IX, Section V, ASME Sec. VIII div. 1, ASME B31.1, ASME B31.3, AWS D1.1, UT, MT, PT, VT, RT & Basic for ISO 9712 level 2 & level 3.

He has been a team leader of 100+ multidiscipline NDT technicians, metallurgists & Welding inspectors during various shutdown jobs in Qatar Petroleum, Massaid refinery, Qatar in March – June 2005, March - April 2009 & October November 2009. Executed in service inspection of nearly 800 pressure vessels, Static & rotary equipments, Plant process piping & storage tanks as shutdown coordinator.

  • Code PST0248-202401
  • Start Date 26 Feb, 2024
  • End Date 01 Mar, 2024
  • Locations Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Cost USD 3250
  • Code PST0248-202402
  • Start Date 29 Jul, 2024
  • End Date 02 Aug, 2024
  • Locations Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Cost USD 3250
  • Register
  • Code PST0248-202403
  • Start Date 12 Aug, 2024
  • End Date 16 Aug, 2024
  • Locations Bandung, Indonesia
  • Cost USD 3250
  • Register
  • Code PST0248-202301
  • Start Date 11 Sep, 2023
  • End Date 15 Sep, 2023
  • Locations Bandung, Indonesia
  • Cost USD 3150
Code Start Date End Date Locations Cost Instructor Register
PST0248-202401 26 Feb, 2024 01 Mar, 2024 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia USD 3250 Chintamani M. Khade
PST0248-202402 29 Jul, 2024 02 Aug, 2024 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia USD 3250 Chintamani M. Khade Register
PST0248-202403 12 Aug, 2024 16 Aug, 2024 Bandung, Indonesia USD 3250 Chintamani M. Khade Register
PST0248-202301 11 Sep, 2023 15 Sep, 2023 Bandung, Indonesia USD 3150 Chintamani M. Khade
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