Water Flooding Management Virtual Training

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Upcoming Course

Code Start Date End Date Location Cost Instructor Register
PST0424-202101  14 Jun 2021  18 Jun 2021  VIRTUAL TRAINING  USD 2995  Magdi El Naggar   Register

Past Course

Code Start Date End Date Location Cost Instructor Register
        Aaron A. Zick, Ph.D. 
        Aaron A. Zick, Ph.D. 

This course is designed to ensure effective understanding of the water flooding (injection) system as one of the reservoir secondary methods of oil recovery and maintain the reservoir pressure with special attention to the system components from the supply source to injection point in the reservoir. It involves injecting clean, non-corrosive water into the reservoir to displace the remaining oil.This training course is primarily on the mechanics of oil recovery by water flooding.The aim of this course is to provide the participants with a complete and up-to-date overview of the water flooding. Upon successful completion of this training course, participants should have a solid grounding in understanding the purpose, operation and inspection of water injection systems for enhanced oil recovery.The training course will also illustrate potential problems and solutions.

The course is composed as modules, which include exercises, group discussions and quizzesfor full comprehension of the course topics relevant to all functions of the water injection system and its operations.

Day 1
Pre-Course Test
Module 1 : Reservoirs and Rock Properties

  • Definition of Reservoir
  • Reservoir Heterogeneities
  • Reservoir Characteristics (Porosity, Permeability, Reservoir Pressure,
  • Reservoir Temperature, Formation Damage, etc)
  • Factors affecting Reservoir Flow
  • Super-Saturated Reservoir

Module 2 : Water Injection Well Design and Construction

  • Water Injection Wells Construction
  • Basic Well Completion
  • Types of Water Injection Wells
  • Operating Parameters of Wells
  • Case studies

Day 2
Daily Quiz
Module 3 : Introduction to Water Injection

  • Definition of Water Injection
  • Reasons for Water Injection
  • Reservoir Drive Mechanisms

Module 4 : Waterflooding

  • Define Waterflooding
  • Types of Waterflood Patterns
  • Sources of Injection Water
  • Factors affect Water Flow Process
  • Waterflooding Advantages

Module 5 : Injection Water Impurities

  • Water Supply sources for Injection Water
  • Aquifer Water, Impurities and Quality Control
  • Seawater, Impurities and Quality Control
  • Scaling Problem
  • Fill Accumulation Problem
  • Importance of Water Source Compatibility

Case studies

Day 3
Daily Quiz
Module 6 : Water Treatment

  • Types of Produced Water
  • Aquifer Water Treatment
  • De-Oxygenation
  • Reasons for Treating Injection Water
  • Subsea Water Injection Treatment
  • Biological Activities of Bacterial Colonies
  • Types of Bacteria causes Reservoir Souring and Process Mechanism

Module 7 : Water Injection Systems

  • Main components of a Water Injection System
  • Types of Pumps in Water Injection System
  • Purpose of Pumps
  • Filtration of Water
  • Purpose of Injection Well Manifolds

Case studies

Module 8 : Water Quality Monitoring

  • Requirement for Water Quality Monitoring
  • Principle of Particle Size Analysis
  • Turbidity
  • Different Types of Testing Methods
  • Jet Pump calculations

Day 4
Daily Quiz
Module 9 : Operation of the Water Injection System

  • Water Injection Methodologies
  • Key Operating Parameters of the Water Injection System
  • Water Perfomance Calculation (Injection Water Volume Calculations)
  • Subsea Water Injection

Module 10 : Reservori Souring

  • Mechanisms of Souring
    • Sulphate Reducing Bacteria
    • Reduction of SRB Protection by Bisulphite Chemicals
    • Thermal Sulphate Reduction
    • Mineral Solubility
    • Partitioning of H2S
  • Reservoir Souring Reasons
  • Types of Bacteria Causing Reservoir Souring
  • Factors influecing Reservoir Souring Process
  • Impact of Souring on Reservoir Perfomance
  • Factors affecting Reservoir Souring
  • Reservoir Souring Treatment Process and Techniques
  • Mitigation
    • H2S Scavengers
    • Biocide Treatments
    • Nitrate Treatments
    • Sulphate Removal from Injection Water
    • Reservoir Souring Prediction
    • Modelling Capabilities
    • Uncertainties

Module 11 : Field HSE for Water Injection System

  • Field PPEs
  • Water Injection System General HSE Procedures
  • Procedures for Handling Possible Associated Gases with the Produced
  • Water from Aquifers
  • Procedures for Handling Seawater as Injection Water
  • Contingency Plan for Handling Water Spills and Surface Leaks
  • Environmental Requirements

Post-Course Test

Day 5
Water Flooding Management VIRTUAL TRAINING
Hands-on Training

  • How to Maintain Water Injection System New/Upgraded?
  • Hands on Training with Your Water Treatment System
    • Learn how to Maintain Your New Water System
  • Classroom Water Equipment Training
    • Will cover numerous aspects of water treatment and filtration equipment Complete Water Solutions offers
    • Will provide you with the knowledge about your water purification system, and general maintenance required to be completed in order to run the system smoothly
  • On-Site Water System Training
    • Will provide you with an overview of your entire water treatment system onsite.
    • We leave you confident in completing the general upkeep of the water treatment system.
    • A means of fast track future communication will be made available for you for consultation with us about your operational problems and troubleshooting after completing the course
  • Beneficial Training for Better Maintenance
    • After being trained on the basics, your understanding of your water system will extend beyond the classroom.
    • With your new knowledge, you'll have a better appreciation of what goes into your water filtration system and how it benefits your company.
    • After your training session, you can arrange for preventative maintenance service to keep your system functioning as good as new.
    • Your newfound skills will also help you determine when repairs or an upgrade may be necessary for your water system.
    • You will be taught any potential warning signs of system failure and know what to look out for.
    • You will also be better able to judge when an older system is ready for an upgrade or even full replacement.
    • Will further ensure the reliability of your water system as you will be able to better identify problems and prevent them from occurring
  • Apply and gain in-depth knowledge on water injection technology and determine the water flooding process as a major method of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR).
  • Familiarize with the water injection actual field operations.
  • Understand the relation between water injection & reservoir pressure maintenance.
  • Introduce the basic knowledge of the operating fundamentals of the system.
  • Acquire a fundamental knowledge of the water injection well construction.
  • Understand the basic water injection quality control and monitoring.
  • Gain experience in the system problems and troubleshooting.
  • Understand what are the factors affecting successful institution of waterflooding.
  • Understand how to design, predict and monitor waterflooding.
  • Learn various diagnostics & quantitative techniques of waterflood surveillance and balancing.
  • Learn special considerations of waterflooding remediation of excessive water production shutoff, improving sweep efficiency, polymer augmented waterflood, low salinity) waterflood and reservoir souring.
  • Distinguish the influence of the reservoir and fluid characteristics on injection process and determine the relation between reservoir engineering data and injected water (displacement).
  • Demonstrate understanding of the principals involved in pressure maintenance & oil displacement by an injected fluid.
  • Explain the functions of water injection systems through filters and deaeration and identify the various types of filters.
  • Detail the different qualities of seawater corrosion and distinguish the relationship of microbiological growth and corrosion in line with the structure and growth of diatoms, bacteria and algae.
  • Apply the several tests used to evaluate water quality including process of collecting samples, transport of samples and test frequencies for particle counts.
  • Discuss the thermal methods ofEOR including hot water and steam injection and get important tips of the polymer injection process.
  • Operations Engineers
  • Operations Supervisors
  • Production Engineers
  • Petroleum Engineers
  • Reservoir Engineers
  • Field Services Engineers

Aaron A. Zick, Ph.D.

Founder and President


President, Zick Technologies (Since 10/93).

Petroleum engineering consulting and software development, specializing in the area of reservoir fluid phase behavior modeling. References available on request. Key achievements:

-Developed numerous equation-of-state and black-oil fluid characterizations for various major oil companies and as a sub-contractor for Pera A/S.

-Recommended phase behavior experimentation and modeling guidelines for several major oil companies.

-Wrote PhazeComp, a new, state-of-the-art program from Zick Technologies for equation-of-state phase behavior modeling, reservoir fluid characterization, and the robust, efficient calculation of minimum miscibility conditions.

-Wrote Streamz, unique Petrostreamz A/S software for translating, manipulating, and managing vast quantities of fluid stream information.

-Designed and helped write Pipe-It, unique Petrostreamz A/S software for managing and manipulating petroleum resources, processes, and projects.

-Taught numerous industry courses on phase behavior, equations of state, reservoir fluid characterization, and miscible gas injection processes.

-Designed and helped implement a new set of equation-of-state routines for the in-house reservoir simulator of a major oil company.

-Advised the architects of a major commercial reservoir simulator on ways to significantly improve their equation-of-state routines.


Director of Research, Reservoir Simulation Research Corporation (6/91–10/93).

Responsible for the research and development of more efficient, accurate, and reliable techniques for modeling reservoir fluid phase behavior within MORE® (a fully-compositional, equation-of-state reservoir simulator). Also responsible for improving three-dimensional visualization of reservoir simulator output, and for occasional consulting work. Key achievements:

-Designed and implemented new equation-of-state solution algorithms for MORE®, improving both efficiency and robustness while using less memory.

-Developed a powerful and flexible interface between MORE® and TECPLOT™ (three-dimensional surface contouring software from AMTEC Engineering).


Senior Principal Research Engineer, ARCO Oil and Gas Company (9/83–5/91).

Developed expertise in reservoir fluid phase behavior, phase behavior modeling, compositional reservoir simulation, and relative permeability modeling.  Designed and analyzed PVT experiments. Created equation-of-state reservoir fluid characterizations. Developed ARCO’s phase behavior modeling software and relative permeability modeling software. Helped develop several of ARCO’s compositional and limited compositional reservoir simulators. Key achievements:

-Discovered the true, condensing/vaporizing mechanism of oil displace­ment by enriched hydrocarbon gases.

-Represented ARCO on the Prudhoe Bay co-owners’ Enhanced Oil Recovery Task Force for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Designed and analyzed most of the PVT and slim-tube experiments for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Created the equation-of-state reservoir fluid characterization adopted by the operating companies for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Developed the miscibility pressure correlations used by the facility operators for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Developed EOSPHASE, a then state-of-the-art program for equation-of-state phase behavior modeling, reservoir fluid characterization, and the robust, efficient calculation of minimum miscibility conditions.

-Developed SLIMTUBE, a special-purpose, equation-of-state simulator for slim-tube displacements.

-Developed new, compositionally-consistent, three-phase relative perme­ability models for ARCO’s compositional simulators and wrote data-fitting software for those models.

-Developed the phase behavior and relative permeability routines for a new, limited compositional reservoir simulator and assisted on other aspects of it.

-Continually added improvements to various in-house reservoir simulators.

-Regularly taught in-house courses on the phase behavior of miscible gas displacement processes.



A. A. Zick, “A Combined Condensing/Vaporizing Mechanism in the Displacement of Oil by Enriched Gases,” presented at the 61st Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, New Orleans, LA (October, 1986).

D. E. Tang and A. A. Zick, “A New Limited Compositional Reservoir Simulator,” presented at the 12th SPE Symposium on Reservoir Simulation, New Orleans, LA (March, 1993).