Dr. Paul D. Giammalvo is Senior Technical Advisor (Project Management) to PT Mitratata Citragraha. (PTMC), Jakarta, Indonesia. He is also an adjunct professor, Project and Program Management, at the Center for Advanced Studies in Project, Program and Portfolio Management. He develops and teaches graduate level curricula in Asset and Project Management for Western Australia University, Perth. For over 17 years, he has been providing Project Management training and consulting throughout South and Eastern Asia, the Middle East and Europe. He plays an active professional role in the Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering International (AACEI), Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) and the Construction Management Association of America (CMAA).