API 560 - Fired Heaters for General Refinery Service

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Upcoming Course

Code Start Date End Date Location Cost Instructor Register
PST0404-201801  26 Nov 2018  29 Nov 2018  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 4995  M. Bassem Tolba   Register
PST0404-201802  03 Dec 2018  06 Dec 2018  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 4995  M. Bassem Tolba   Register
PST0404-201901  04 Nov 2019  08 Nov 2019  Bangkok, Thailand  USD 3995  M. Bassem Tolba   Register
PST0404-201902  11 Nov 2019  15 Nov 2019  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  USD 3995  M. Bassem Tolba   Register

Past Course

Code Start Date End Date Location Cost Instructor Register
        Aaron A. Zick, Ph.D. 
PST0404-201701  11 Sep 2017  14 Sep 2017  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 4995  M. Bassem Tolba 
PST0404-201702  18 Sep 2017  21 Sep 2017  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 4995  M. Bassem Tolba 

The seminar is a comprehensive course for the fired heater technology for refinery and petrochemical industries. The participants will acquire the knowledge and /or enhance their experience in the design, engineering, inspection, installation, operations, maintenances and troubleshooting.

The course is more for the practical side than the theoretical. The approach to the training will be to transmit the technology and knowledge of the fired heaters by going through the requirement of API 560 Standard. As such, the Participants Learn API Standard 560 and its applications at the same time.

Each attendee must bring a Scientific Calculator

Day 1

  • Heater Types – By Configuration (Structural, tube coil and burners)
  • Heater components
  • Heater Type – By Process (Selection Criteria)
  • Case Study - Applications (Hot Oil, Crude, Vacuum, Delayed Coker, Visbreaker, Reformer, Hydrocrackers, Steam Reformers, Ethylene Cracking Heaters)

Day 2

  • Codes, Standards, Specifications and regulations
  • Minimum Data Required for the Design
  • Design Considerations
    • Process
    • Combustion
    • Mechanical
  • Conceptual Design
    • Radiant Section and Recommended Heat Flux
    • Convection Section
    • Coils, Tubes, Extended Surface, Tube Supports,
    • Refractory and Insulation
    • Stack
    • Burner Selection
  • Case Study – Thermal Design of Fired Heater. This will be covered by hand calculations so that the participants learn the effect of all the variables.

Day 3

  • Case Study – Calculation of Tube Wall Thickness, Insulation Thickness, Stack Dimensions
  • Auxiliary Equipment
    • Sootblowers
    • Airpreheaters
    • Fans and Drivers
  • Instruments and Auxiliary Connections
  • Shop Fabrication and Field Erection

Day 4

  • Case Study – Air preheater and Ducts design
  • Inspection, Examination and Testing
  • Optimization - Initial and operating costs (Increasing Heater Efficiency) & Schedule
  • Bid Evaluations
  • Case Study – Process Debottle Necking.
  • Enhance the experience of the participants in their prospective field/specialty while learn about the job of the other specialties involved in the project.
  • Minimize initial and operating costs while maintaining a high quality product with a minimum turn down.
  • Transmit the technology and knowledge of the fired heaters and the requirement of API Standard 560.
  • Cleary define the responsibility of each involved Party (Purchaser, Vendor, Contractor, etc).
  • The ultimate objective is to make the participant smart Buyer and better Operator.

This course is designed for:

  • Planning
  • Engineering
  • Process Engineering
  • Design
  • Project Engineering & Management
  • Operation
  • Maintenance

Aaron A. Zick, Ph.D.

Founder and President


President, Zick Technologies (Since 10/93).

Petroleum engineering consulting and software development, specializing in the area of reservoir fluid phase behavior modeling. References available on request. Key achievements:

-Developed numerous equation-of-state and black-oil fluid characterizations for various major oil companies and as a sub-contractor for Pera A/S.

-Recommended phase behavior experimentation and modeling guidelines for several major oil companies.

-Wrote PhazeComp, a new, state-of-the-art program from Zick Technologies for equation-of-state phase behavior modeling, reservoir fluid characterization, and the robust, efficient calculation of minimum miscibility conditions.

-Wrote Streamz, unique Petrostreamz A/S software for translating, manipulating, and managing vast quantities of fluid stream information.

-Designed and helped write Pipe-It, unique Petrostreamz A/S software for managing and manipulating petroleum resources, processes, and projects.

-Taught numerous industry courses on phase behavior, equations of state, reservoir fluid characterization, and miscible gas injection processes.

-Designed and helped implement a new set of equation-of-state routines for the in-house reservoir simulator of a major oil company.

-Advised the architects of a major commercial reservoir simulator on ways to significantly improve their equation-of-state routines.


Director of Research, Reservoir Simulation Research Corporation (6/91–10/93).

Responsible for the research and development of more efficient, accurate, and reliable techniques for modeling reservoir fluid phase behavior within MORE® (a fully-compositional, equation-of-state reservoir simulator). Also responsible for improving three-dimensional visualization of reservoir simulator output, and for occasional consulting work. Key achievements:

-Designed and implemented new equation-of-state solution algorithms for MORE®, improving both efficiency and robustness while using less memory.

-Developed a powerful and flexible interface between MORE® and TECPLOT™ (three-dimensional surface contouring software from AMTEC Engineering).


Senior Principal Research Engineer, ARCO Oil and Gas Company (9/83–5/91).

Developed expertise in reservoir fluid phase behavior, phase behavior modeling, compositional reservoir simulation, and relative permeability modeling.  Designed and analyzed PVT experiments. Created equation-of-state reservoir fluid characterizations. Developed ARCO’s phase behavior modeling software and relative permeability modeling software. Helped develop several of ARCO’s compositional and limited compositional reservoir simulators. Key achievements:

-Discovered the true, condensing/vaporizing mechanism of oil displace­ment by enriched hydrocarbon gases.

-Represented ARCO on the Prudhoe Bay co-owners’ Enhanced Oil Recovery Task Force for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Designed and analyzed most of the PVT and slim-tube experiments for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Created the equation-of-state reservoir fluid characterization adopted by the operating companies for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Developed the miscibility pressure correlations used by the facility operators for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Developed EOSPHASE, a then state-of-the-art program for equation-of-state phase behavior modeling, reservoir fluid characterization, and the robust, efficient calculation of minimum miscibility conditions.

-Developed SLIMTUBE, a special-purpose, equation-of-state simulator for slim-tube displacements.

-Developed new, compositionally-consistent, three-phase relative perme­ability models for ARCO’s compositional simulators and wrote data-fitting software for those models.

-Developed the phase behavior and relative permeability routines for a new, limited compositional reservoir simulator and assisted on other aspects of it.

-Continually added improvements to various in-house reservoir simulators.

-Regularly taught in-house courses on the phase behavior of miscible gas displacement processes.



A. A. Zick, “A Combined Condensing/Vaporizing Mechanism in the Displacement of Oil by Enriched Gases,” presented at the 61st Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, New Orleans, LA (October, 1986).

D. E. Tang and A. A. Zick, “A New Limited Compositional Reservoir Simulator,” presented at the 12th SPE Symposium on Reservoir Simulation, New Orleans, LA (March, 1993).