API 653 Training - Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction

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Upcoming Course

Code Start Date End Date Location Cost Instructor Register
PST0271-201904  30 Sep 2019  04 Oct 2019  Bandung, Indonesia  USD 2595  Uday B. Kale   Register
PST0271-201903  18 Nov 2019  22 Nov 2019  Kuala Lumpur, Indonesia  USD 2595  Uday B. Kale   Register

Past Course

Code Start Date End Date Location Cost Instructor Register
        Aaron A. Zick, Ph.D. 
PST0271  11 Mar 2013  15 Mar 2013  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 2995  Uday B. Kale 
ST0271-201401  18 Aug 2014  22 Aug 2014  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 3195  Uday B. Kale 
PST0271-201501  18 May 2015  22 May 2015  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 3195  Uday B. Kale 
PST0271-201601  09 May 2016  13 May 2016  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 3195  Uday B. Kale 
PST0271-201701  17 Jul 2017  21 Jul 2017  Bandung, Indonesia  SGD 3195  Uday B. Kale 
PST0271-201702  14 Aug 2017  18 Aug 2017  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 3195  Uday B. Kale 
PST0271-201801  05 Feb 2018  09 Feb 2018  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 3195  Uday B. Kale 
PST0271-201802  02 Jul 2018  06 Jul 2018  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SGD 3195  Uday B. Kale 
PST0271-201901  18 Mar 2019  22 Mar 2019  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  USD 2595  Uday B. Kale 
PST0271-201902  24 Jun 2019  28 Jun 2019  Bandung, Indonesia  USD 2595  Uday B. Kale 

American Petroleum Institute (API) initiated an Aboveground Storage Tank Inspector Certification Program with the issuance of Supplement 1 to API 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction. This 5 days training course is designed to give a detailed discussion onthe required engineering knowledge for In-service Storage tankswith emphasis on syllabus published by API (Body of Knowledge). Thepreparatory course will clarify basic intentions of all code prescribedfor study, how to interpret code rulings and at the end, built-up theconfidence among the participants for taking decisions.


The course is divided into six main areas: Basic Storage tank design engineering i.e. API 650, In-service inspection techniques (API 653/ RP 575/ RP 577), Damage mechanisms (API 571), Cathodic protection (API RP 651) and lining of tank bottom (API RP 652), calculations of retirement thickness and other skills required for delivery of quality job & safe operation. The participants will receive comprehensive course notes, illustrated with practical case studies, main punch-points of the course to impart knowledge to participants.


With Mr. Uday Kale’s extensive involvements in the facilities inspection, as well as his practical coaching and mentoring approaches, this course not only prepare the candidates to pass API 653 examination with confident, it will also advance the appreciation of storage tank facilities and thus to broaden the technical knowledge base in order to avoid unplanned shutdown and reduce expenses!

Day 1

Fundamentals of Storage Tank Design & Construction (API 650)

  • Allowable stress values shell, roof and bottom Design
  • Material selection
  • Impact test requirement of API 650
  • Impact test results
  • Shell thickness calculations
  • Bottom plate thickness calculations
  • Roof plates calculations
  • Nozzle openings calculations
  • API 650 Requirements for Storage Tank fabrication, erection, NDT and leak testing


Day 2

Understanding of Storage Tank Inspection Code (API 653) Part 1

  • Introduction, scope, definitions and organization of API 653
  • Intervals and scope of inspections
  • Data evaluation and corrosion assessment of roof, shell, and bottom.
  • Estimation of corrosion rate
  • Inspection and testing practices of API 653
  • Evaluation for brittle failure


Day 3

Understanding of Storage Tank Inspection Code (API 653) Part 2

  • Repairs, alterations & reconstruction of storage tanks
  • Tank relocation and re-erection
  • Replacement of tank bottom, hot tapping on tank shell.
  • Detail discussions on material corrosion and degradation (API 571), NDT of tank repairs, leak testing


Day 4

Storage tank Inspection ( study of other codes and standards)

  • Discussions on cathodic protection methods against soil corrosion
  • (API RP 651)
  • Recommended practices for inspection of storage tanks (API RP 575)
  • Introduction to Sec IX, Case studies of checking of PQR & WPS


Day 5

Discussions on Corrosion Protection & Quality of Welding

  • Discussions on Lining of bottoms of storage tanks (API RP 652)
  • Discussions on API RP 577 and Welding Inspection
  • Understanding the difference between Inspection and Examination and Various NDE methods to detect flaws in metals.
  • Understanding rules imposed by ASME Sec V for various NDE techniques
  • Final examinations Feedback and Concluding
  • Main concepts and technical content of API 653 Code and the other reference codes
  • Concept of metal degradation.
  • Design fundamentals of storage tank (API 650).
  • Evaluation of tank integrity of shell, bottom and roof. Thickness calculations for intended design conditions or revised design conditions.
  • How to clarify the need of Cathodic Protection and lining of tank bottom.
  • Evalution and decision for remedial action in Tank Settlement.
  • How to estimate remaining life of tank and decide inspection intervals. Be able to choose the appropriate inspection tools and inspection intervals.
  • Carry out re-rating, remaining life and retirement thickness calculations.

This course will specifically benefit Engineers, Supervisors, and Managers from the following disciplines:

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Inspection
  • Maintenance & Operations
  • Technical & Engineering
  • Corrosion Engineer

and design persons involved in integrity assessment of in-service tanks, repairs and replacement of old tanks.

Aaron A. Zick, Ph.D.

Founder and President


President, Zick Technologies (Since 10/93).

Petroleum engineering consulting and software development, specializing in the area of reservoir fluid phase behavior modeling. References available on request. Key achievements:

-Developed numerous equation-of-state and black-oil fluid characterizations for various major oil companies and as a sub-contractor for Pera A/S.

-Recommended phase behavior experimentation and modeling guidelines for several major oil companies.

-Wrote PhazeComp, a new, state-of-the-art program from Zick Technologies for equation-of-state phase behavior modeling, reservoir fluid characterization, and the robust, efficient calculation of minimum miscibility conditions.

-Wrote Streamz, unique Petrostreamz A/S software for translating, manipulating, and managing vast quantities of fluid stream information.

-Designed and helped write Pipe-It, unique Petrostreamz A/S software for managing and manipulating petroleum resources, processes, and projects.

-Taught numerous industry courses on phase behavior, equations of state, reservoir fluid characterization, and miscible gas injection processes.

-Designed and helped implement a new set of equation-of-state routines for the in-house reservoir simulator of a major oil company.

-Advised the architects of a major commercial reservoir simulator on ways to significantly improve their equation-of-state routines.


Director of Research, Reservoir Simulation Research Corporation (6/91–10/93).

Responsible for the research and development of more efficient, accurate, and reliable techniques for modeling reservoir fluid phase behavior within MORE® (a fully-compositional, equation-of-state reservoir simulator). Also responsible for improving three-dimensional visualization of reservoir simulator output, and for occasional consulting work. Key achievements:

-Designed and implemented new equation-of-state solution algorithms for MORE®, improving both efficiency and robustness while using less memory.

-Developed a powerful and flexible interface between MORE® and TECPLOT™ (three-dimensional surface contouring software from AMTEC Engineering).


Senior Principal Research Engineer, ARCO Oil and Gas Company (9/83–5/91).

Developed expertise in reservoir fluid phase behavior, phase behavior modeling, compositional reservoir simulation, and relative permeability modeling.  Designed and analyzed PVT experiments. Created equation-of-state reservoir fluid characterizations. Developed ARCO’s phase behavior modeling software and relative permeability modeling software. Helped develop several of ARCO’s compositional and limited compositional reservoir simulators. Key achievements:

-Discovered the true, condensing/vaporizing mechanism of oil displace­ment by enriched hydrocarbon gases.

-Represented ARCO on the Prudhoe Bay co-owners’ Enhanced Oil Recovery Task Force for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Designed and analyzed most of the PVT and slim-tube experiments for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Created the equation-of-state reservoir fluid characterization adopted by the operating companies for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Developed the miscibility pressure correlations used by the facility operators for the Prudhoe Bay Miscible Gas Project.

-Developed EOSPHASE, a then state-of-the-art program for equation-of-state phase behavior modeling, reservoir fluid characterization, and the robust, efficient calculation of minimum miscibility conditions.

-Developed SLIMTUBE, a special-purpose, equation-of-state simulator for slim-tube displacements.

-Developed new, compositionally-consistent, three-phase relative perme­ability models for ARCO’s compositional simulators and wrote data-fitting software for those models.

-Developed the phase behavior and relative permeability routines for a new, limited compositional reservoir simulator and assisted on other aspects of it.

-Continually added improvements to various in-house reservoir simulators.

-Regularly taught in-house courses on the phase behavior of miscible gas displacement processes.



A. A. Zick, “A Combined Condensing/Vaporizing Mechanism in the Displacement of Oil by Enriched Gases,” presented at the 61st Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, New Orleans, LA (October, 1986).

D. E. Tang and A. A. Zick, “A New Limited Compositional Reservoir Simulator,” presented at the 12th SPE Symposium on Reservoir Simulation, New Orleans, LA (March, 1993).